BRIEF PROFILE OF THE MUNICIPALITY
During the latter part of the Spanish regime in the Philippines, groups of people from the Mountain Province came to settle in the place now called SUYO. In 1872, the Spaniards organized the settlement into a Rancheria and in 1922; the Americans turned it into a township. Later on, it was changed to a municipal district and by virtue of RA 1515 and under Executive Order no. 61; Suyo became a regular municipality in 1962. At present, Suyo is a fourth class municipality composed of eight (8) barangays and forty-five
The town got its name SUYO from one of the barangays named Suyo Proper because it was in this barangay where the first seat of government was established under Wayet Infiel, the first township president. Suyo was derived from the Ilocano word “NAISUYO” meaning thrown because according to the old folks; said barangays were formed by soil that accumulated at the river bank when the river overflowed its banks.
At present, the municipality has a population of 11,465 (NSO Survey 2015) with the majority composed of those who originally settled in the place and the rest are those who came from other towns and provinces because of affinity and employment. Some of its inhabitants, however, have migrated to other places like Mindoro, Mindanao, Palawan, Bicol Region, Baguio and Manila. Some have also gone abroad in search for greener pasture.
Aside from paganism, the first religious sect that won the inhabitants to its fold was the Iglesia Filipina Independiente. Next was the Roman Catholic that established its church in Barangay Uso, followed by the United Church of Christ in the Philippines at Barangay Baringcucurong. Aside from those mentioned, there are now a number of religious sects namely Jehova’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventist, Pentecost, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Santuala, Espiritista, Sagrada Familia, United Methodist Church, Crusaders of the Divine Church of Christ and Temple of God.
Formal education was first organized in the municipality in the form of a parochial school and opened by the Americans. At present, there are twenty one (21) public schools in Suyo, eleven (11) complete elementary, nine (9) primaries and one high school with one annex.
Although Suyo has a mountainous terrain, it has adequate arable lands where the people could grow productive agricultural crops. Although limited,
the presence of an irrigation system enables the people to plant rice thrice a year in Barangays Baringcucurong, Poblacion and Suyo Proper. The lands are fertile and the climate is favorable for the production of tobacco, coffee, cacao, banana, ginger, sweet potato, tiger grass, fruit trees and vegetables. These are being produced in commercial sale.
In early part of 1980’s, the Communist Party of the Philippines through its armed group, the New People’s Army (NPA) started to launch its expansion efforts and armed struggle in the interior towns of Ilocos Sur. Suyo has become a stronghold of the enemy forces, the NPA insurgents, who came from the North-Eastern CPP Committee. Again the municipality of Suyo suffered devastation and ill-effects brought about by insurgency problems. Bloody encounters between government troops and the communist’s terrorist occurred day by day in the remotest part of the town. Now, insurgency has virtually ceased and the people are enjoying a peaceful and progressive community.
The municipality of Suyo lies in the southern portion of the Province of Ilocos Sur. It is located at longitudes 12° 27’ 36” to 120° 37’ 10” east and latitudes 16° 55’ 38” to 17° 02’ 12”north. The municipality of Sigay bound it to the northeast, in the east by Municipality of Cervantes and south by Municipality of Tagudin and northwest by Municipality of Sta Cruz. The municipality of Suyo is part of what is generally referred as the “Interior towns” of Ilocos Sur which means it does not passed by the Laoag-Vigan National road and lying at the immediate uplands of the cordillera Mountain ranges.
Suyo is about one kilometer from Bitalag junction in Tagudin and eight kilometers to the Poblacion area where the municipal hall is located.
The total land area of Suyo is 15,357.68 hectares. Its breakdown by barangay can be seen at the table below, with barangay man-atong which is
the farthest barangay comprising more than one fifth of the town and barangay Urzadan the smallest.
Barangay Poblacion which can be considered as urban barangay constitutes 19.50 percent of the total land area. It lies at the center of the town.
|BARANGAY||AREA (Hectares)||% TO TOTAL LAND AREA|
|7. Suyo Proper||2,472.31||16.10%|
Source: MPDC Office
The terrain of Suyo is generally hilly to mountainous, with almost two third of the land are being occupied by forest. The municipality, which is shaped like head of a bulldog, is bisected by the Chico River. Along the river valley or gorge is the Tagudin-Cervantes road (National Road) which provides the main access to the municipality and the eight barangays of the town. Elevation generally rises from west to east, with the highest points located at Barangay Man-atong with a spot elevation of 110 meters above sea level.
The hilly to mountainous terrain is more homogenous towards west of the municipality, in the eastern portion of the town, the hilly and
mountainous sections up by low-lying areas and flatlands, particularly in barangays Baringcucurong, Poblacion and Cabugao.
The Slope of Suyo can be categorized into three, with their corresponding areas as presented here in Table below
|Barangay||Degree of Slope|
|0-18%||18-30%||30% – above|
|AREA IN SQUARE KILOMETERS|
|Slope Category||Land Classification||Total|
|A & D||Forestland|
|0 to 8%||590.63||58.48||649.11|
|8 to 18%||391.20||110.43||501.63|
|18 to 30%||1224.38||790.73||2015.11|
|30 to 50%||1161.29||1680.12||2841.41|
Source: Suyo Planning Team
The barangays with the largest slope in the category of 18-30% (this is good for permanent crops, agro-livestock and agro-forestry uses) can be found in Suyo Proper. The barangays with the largest slope (30% & above3) is Man-atong, Suyo Proper and Patoc-ao
Suyo has a climate type similar to the province of Ilocos Sur and the region in general. There are basically two types of climate regimes, the wet and dry season. The wet season starts early as April, reaches its peak in the months of July and august, and extends up to October. The Dry season occurs during the rest of the months from November to March of the next year.
There are only two major soil types that can be found in Suyo, these are the Bauang Clay, and the Bantog clay. The Bantog Clay found only in the plains of Barangay Baringcucurong, it occupies a very small area (1.64 sq. kms) while the Bauang Clay is the predominant soil type in most of the western barangays. The remaining three fourths of the town have mountain soils that are as yet undifferentiated.
The bedrock foundation of Suyo consists mainly of sedimentary rocks, mainly consisting of marine sandstone, shale and reef limestone and molasses. The sedimentary rock occupies about 90 percent of the town area. Ingenious rocks consisting mainly of peridotite and cherfs are found near the western boundary. A fault running north to northeast can be found along geologic contact between the town principal bedrock.
Forestlands occupy an area of over 107.4339 sq km. or almost 70% of the total area of Suyo. The biggest forest reserve representing over 27.6074 percent of the total is found in barangay Man-atong which is the most interior barangay of Suyo. No production forest of commercial significance is
found here. Forest resources are mostly used for domestic purposes especially for fuel. Minor products like buho, and tiger grass are however abundant in the municipality.
The environmentally critical areas within Suyo are watersheds, steeply sloping areas and flood prone areas within river valleys. The steeply sloping areas with slopes of over 30 percent constitute more than two thirds of the town. This is great erosion potential especially if their vegetative cover is destroyed. Teamed up with long and high rainfall patter as what usually exist in the mountain areas, let alone the destructive forest activities of the occupants, these are easily eroded.
The municipality of Suyo now has 11,465 populations with a rate of
Source: PSA 2015 Results TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS BY BARANGAY
|BARANGAY||TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS (per Brgy.)|
|7. SUYO PROPER||374|
|TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS (2015)||2,513|
Source: RHU Actual Data
BRIEF SECTORAL PROFILE OF THE LGU
HON. MARIO B. SUBAGAN
RENATO B. NGANGAC
THOMAS B. ALMAZAN
REGINALD M. ORPILLA
RODERICK B. GALUGA
RAMONITO B. LAZAGA
PABLITO M. AVISA
TIMOTEO P. ABALOS
MARIA CORAZON D. CUPIDO
MONICO FEDERICO A. BALINAG
RICHMOND B. ARCINAS
PB CIRINO G. BARBARONA
PB ORLANDO S. AGLIBOT
PB DANIEL B. VILLANUEVA
PB ALEJANDRO M. BALLADA
PB MONICO FEDERICO A. BALINAG
PB MARGLO A. SADORRA
PB JOVEN B. BATAAN
PB ARTHUR D. GALLEBO
III. ECONOMIC SECTOR
Suyo is predominantly an agricultural community of 8 barangays with a total land area of 153.5768 square kilometers. Irrigated croplands consist of 154.49 hectares and non-irrigated croplands totals 423.97 hectares. The other croplands are uplands totaling 333 hectares.
Fruit trees constitute the biggest area devoted to particular crop. Rice is the predominant crop in the area. Rice is planted at irrigated lands the whole year. No irrigated lands were planted once a year and vegetables following rice. The average yield per hectare for irrigated lands was 4 tons per hectare or 80 cavans per hectare… A non-irrigated land yields 2.8 tons per hectare.
Farming practices is still a combination of the old and new methods; Carabao is still the main beast of burden in tilling the fields, however, farm mechanization is slowly being introduced.
Forestland consists of about 50% of the total land area. Large portion of the municipality is covered by Bessang Pass National Park and the Tirad Pass National Park. The preservation of these forests is essential to ensure a steady stream feeding the Chico River. There three municipalities that rely here for their irrigation needs.
The Public market is located at Butac, Man-atong, Suyo, Ilocos Sur. This serves the needs of the easternmost barangays, the lower parts or barangays were served by the municipality of Tagudin market. The commodities traded here are farm products and some cottage industry products.
The lone Suyo Credit and Loan Cooperative serves as the only financial institution located at Suyo. Sari-sari Stores serves as the source of merchandise.
The municipality is not an industrial town. However, there several small scale industries such as rice milling, motor, repair shops, metal workshops, hollow blocks making, bakeries, woodcraft, candle making, coffee processing and other small businesses.
One of the main basic player in the future economic performances of the Municipality of Suyo is its Tourism Industry. This true due to its mountainous terrain and mostly forested area that agricultural intensification is limited to small and scattered flatlands and low grade slopes where fruit trees and vegetables could be cultured. Tourism potential in Suyo is natural and ecological.
Mountain Resort at Sitio Coscosong, Man-atong along the highway to Bessang Pass and Cervantes and the Cordilleras, It offers facilities such as swimming pool surrounded with cabanas, function hall for seminars and conferences, a two room cottage that can accommodate twenty people at a time. Surrounding view is astounding in its natural form and adjacent forest is suitable for nature adventurers as trail trekking. Arrangement could be made to catering services for weddings, birthdays, seminars, conferences and other occasions.
drop of water burst and scatter sometimes into spray. Partially hidden from view is a large pipe at the left side of the falls. Few meters away along the stream to which it plunges, the waterway is partially obstructed and made shallow by erosion.
Darawa Falls is Located at Barangay Poblacion in Suyo,
You can see the beautiful view from the main road.
Suyo is mainly served by the Tagudin-Cervantes- Bontoc Road which traverses the municipality. The road condition is excellent given the recent concreting of the highway. Sitios are served by barangay roads. There are 23 barangay roads in Suyo.
Bridges were concrete along the national highway, but some of the barangay roads were connected with hanging footbridges preventing the use of motorized vehicles. The main transport is jeepneys, tricycles and animal drawn sleds and carts.
INVENTORY OF ROADS
|ROAD NAME||LENGTH (km)||PAVED UNPAVED|
|B. Municipal Road||.3||.3|
|C. Barangay Roads|
|BaringcucurongTapao Road||4.5||.5 4|
|Baringcucurong-Baracbac Road||2||1.7 0.3|
|Cabugao-Tapao road||4||.2 3.8|
|Cabugao-Balangsay Road||5||0 5|
|Poblacion-Kinpatubbog road||12||2 10|
|Poblacion Vito road||5||1 4|
|Lubnac-Patoc-ao road||2||.1 1.9|
|Gongogong-Ida Road||1||1 0|
|Gongogong-Lubnac Road||5||4 1|
|Urzadan-Gongogong road||3||3 0|
|Urzadan- Lub-ong Road||1||1 0|
|Uso-Batiangan Road||2.6||2.6 0|
|Uso-Suyo Proper Road||1||1 0|
|Kiblongan-Macaag Road||8||8 0|
|Kiblongan-Kentakang Road||.60||.60 0|
|Suyo Proper- Paytocan Road||2.5||0 2.5|
|Butac-Butigue Road||5||3 2|
|Butac-Tegteggamat Road||5||1.5 3.5|
|Tegteggamat- Dadtuco Road||2||0 2|
|Butac- Kainggian Road||2||0 2|
|Butac- Banata Road||2||0 2|
There is no landline telephone serving the area. However, there are two cell sites operating in the area servicing cellphones (Globe and Smart). Sun cellular is preparing to install its cell site at present. There are still dead areas within the municipality where phone signals are weak or no signal at all. Internet signal is not present in the area except through satellite discs and smartbros and visibility serviced by smart telecom and globe telecom.
Although the area is mountainous and there are available springs nearby that could be tapped for water consumption, the constant destruction of water pipes, the drying up of springs and the distances of springs from villages are the main problem in having a reliable water source.
Suyo Municipal Water System with three pumping stations serves five barangays and the remaining three barangays has their own level one and two water system.
The municipality’s power sources come from Ilocos Sur Electric Cooperative (ISECO). All barangays was served by this cooperative except a small portion of sitios where power lines are too distant from the villages. Several barangays were organized into Barangay Power association (BAPA), a barangay sized version of the cooperative. It is tasked to administer the reading, billing and collection of power consumption within its area. The BAPA is allowed to impose the price of kilowatt-hour consumed.
The municipality of Suyo is currently the site of proposed wind turbine power generation. Studies are underway to determine the characteristics of the wind in the area.
The crude birth rate of Suyo is 15.3 per 1,000 populations. Mortality rate is highest in 2012 with 39 cases, while the lowest is in 2013 with 17 cases. It is notable that in 2014 Cardiovascular Disease is the major cause of death as it claimed 14 lives. Aside from Cardiovascular Disease other causes of death in the municipality were Pneumonia and Cancer.
Suyo has the Rural Health Unit/Center within Poblacion. It is being managed and run by the Municipal Health Officer and assisted by a routine of other health personnel – 8 Midwives,1 public health nurse, 1 Public Health Dentist, 1 Medical Technologist and 1 Sanitary Inspector.
The Barangay Health Stations in various barangays also caters the needs of the community with the proper supervision of the Rural Health Midwives.
There are eleven complete elementary schools nine Primary Schools and one high school with extension annex in Suyo. All of these are public schools.
|SCHOOL||LOCATION||AREA OCCUPIED (sq m.)|
|Suyo Central School||Poblacion||10214|
|Baringcucurong Elementary School||Baringcucurong||6754|
|Butac Elementary School||Butac||3429|
|Cabugao Elementary School||Cabugao||6121|
|Suyo Proper Elementary School||Suyo Proper||4054|
|Urzadan Elementary School||Urzadan||10111|
|Kinapian Elementary School||Kinapian||7096|
|Uso Elementary School||Uso||4938|
|Lubnac Elementary School||Lubnac||6774|
|Man-atong Elementary School||Man-atong||1171|
|Batiangan Elementary School||Batiangan||10667|
|II. PRIMARY SCHOOLS|
|Ida Primary School||Ida||2673|
|Balangsay Elementary School||Balangsay||2703|
|Bangcag Elementary School||Bangcag||2319|
|Dadtuco Elementary School||Dadtuco||4092|
|Longboy Elementary School||Longboy|
|Kiblongan Primary School||Kiblongan||2720|
|Kimpatubbog Primary School||Kimpatubbog||16596|
|Patoc-ao Primary School||Patoc-ao||7912|
|Bito Primary School||Bito|
|III. HIGH SCHOOL|
|Suyo National High School||Urzadan||8447|
|Suyo National High School Annex||Baringcucurong||13000|
The buildings of Suyo National High School annex are located at Barangay Baringcucurong and still on construction and the campus on development. The following tables are the details of each school.
|TYPE/LEVEL||No of Enrollees||Total Number of||Total No of|
|Suyo Central Elementary School||76||60||136||8||7|
|Baringcucurong Elementary School||114||83||197||11||9|
|Batiangan Elementary School||51||40||91||6||7|
|Butac Elementary School||53||43||96||7||8|
|Cabugao Elementary School||72||77||149||8||7|
|Kinapian Elementary School||113||7||6|
|Lubnac Elementary School||77||6||6|
|Man-atong Elementary School||101||9||7|
|Suyo Proper Elementary School||65||46||111||7||6|
|Urzadan Elementary School||145||107||252||15||6|
|Uso Elementary School||67||41||108||8||7|
|Balangsay Primary School||20||19||39||3||3|
|Bangcag Primary School||48||40||88||7||5|
|Dadtuco Primary School||19||31||50||4||3|
|Ida Primary School||38||42||80||4||4|
|Kiblongan Primary School||15||11||26||2||3|
|Longboy Primary School||26||21||47||3||5|
|Patoc-ao Primary School||77||6||6|
|Kimpatubbog Primary School||19||18||37||2||3|
|Bito Primary School||10||19||29||2||0|
|Suyo National High School||252||241||493||17||12|
|Suyo National High School Annex||102||103||205||7||9|
The Municipal Police Station is manned by twenty two (22) police personnel. It has one sub-station located at Baringcucurong and the main at Poblacion. Every barangay has organized barangay tanods and lupong tagapamayapa which helps in the maintenance of peace and order and in solving community disputes.
The Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office are headed by the Municipal Social Welfare Officer assisted by a Social Welfare Aide. They are assisted by the Day Care Workers and Non-Government Organizations in the provision of social welfare services. The office also looks into the senior citizen’s concerns and PWDs.
|Type of clientele||PREVIOUS YEARS||CURRENT YEAR|
|1. Persons with disability (PWD)||133||133||466||466|
|2. Senior Citizens||1,168||1,247||1,345||1,385|
|3. Day Care children||300||321||322||312|
|4. Day Care Workers||20||21||21||21|
|5. Indigent Families||1,101||1,101||1,101||1,101|
|6. Pantawid Pamilya Beneficiaries||741||736||739||752|
|8. solo Parents||51||51||51||52|
|9. Pre Marriage counseling||60||59||49||30|